Technically, medical wastes are disposed of materials used in medicine that usually come from hospitals and other health care facilities. Unlike the common wastes produced by houses and markets, these are hazardous because the entities may contain body fluids, blood, and other potentially infectious materials.
Because of the booming health sector, the problems regarding the disposal of the medical wastes now are being discussed. Since approximately more than thirteen pounds of these wastes per bed are disposed of every day, the number undoubtedly increases over time. And without proper disposal, the possibility for other individuals getting infected is high and for some circumstances could cause pollution and contamination on the environment.
In light of this, having ideas regarding safe medical wastes disposal is important. As such, below are the compiled concepts and processes on how to properly clean these entities.
Contain the wastes in a correct receptacle
The primal step for correct medical waste disposal is containing all the entities inside a receptacle. Any potentially hazardous materials must not be exposed to reduce the risk of spreading infections. However, the container used isn’t just some ordinary plastic bags or boxes, this must be an airtight receptacle and must be on a different color or label to differ itself from the other wastes.
Wait for the medical waste hauler
Medical waste haulers are the ones who pick up this type of material for which is scheduled depending on the total amount of waste that was generated. These people then deliver the wastes into the treatment facility where it will be scanned in a database – this will show what are the contents of the receptacle, where did it come from, and how much does it weigh.
The sterilization process
After scanning the container and getting all the important information, the wastes are then transferred into a waste bucket; this bucket accumulates all the materials needed to be disposed of for that period. During this time, the operator will feed it into a machine where the materials will be primarily sterilized. As this process begins, the used container will be moved into another machine for decontamination – this process makes sure that the potentially hazardous residues or materials that pose risk will be removed.
The grinding process
The grinding process proceeds after the materials are fully sterilized. This uses a machine that contains a strong shredder that was carefully designed to prevent any blockage of the waste. For some models, they feature a powerful router that reverses if the materials resist being crushed.
Once the process comes to an end, the elements will be in smaller sizes that are lesser than an inch. For the remaining liquid and solid wastes, they will be routed to a tunnel, specifically a microwave tunnel, for it to be decontaminated.
Moving the waste outside the facility
The last part of safe medical waste disposal is moving the waste outside the facility. Since the materials are now decontaminated and are reduced in size, they can be contained in a waste terminal or be moved into an institution to be used as a building material.